IELTS Task 1 : Single

House hold spending in a city in China (in 1990 and 2005)

The table shows household spending on various items as a percentage of the total in a Chinese city in 1990 and 2005. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparation where relevant.
Dec 07,2018

The table indicates household spending (as percentages of the total) in eight areas in a Chinese city in the years 1990 and 2005.

Spending rose, as a percentage, in four areas-medical services (from 1 % to 6% - the largest relative increase), transport and communications (from 2% to 9%), recreation, education and culture (from 12% to 15%) and accommodation (from 5°/o to 8%). The rise in relative spending on transport and communications moved that item from the second-smallest one to the third-largest.

Spending remained the same, as a percentage, in two areas. The percentage spent on household appliances remained at 7% and the percentage spent on other items remained at 6%. Spending fell, as a percentage, in two areas - food and clothing. Expenditure on food took over half (56%) of household spending in 1990. This dropped to 43% in 2005, remaining the largest item. Relative expenditure on clothing fell by almost half, from 11 % in 1990 to 6% in 2005.

Overall, it can be seen that there was a shift in the way that household income was spent between 1990 and 2005.