The Five Pillars of Islam are the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. They are the foundation of Muslim life:
1. Shahadah is a statement professing monotheism and accepting Muhammad as God's messenger. The statement denotes faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad and is normally said in Arabic. It states: "(I profess that) there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of God."
2. Salah is the daily prayer of Islam. It consists of five prayers a day at sunrise, at noon, in the afternoon, at sunset and in the evening.
3. Zakāt or alms-giving is the practice of charitable giving by Muslims based on accumulated wealth, and is obligatory for all who are able to do so. It is considered to be a personal responsibility for Muslims to ease economic hardship for others and eliminate inequality. Zakat consists of spending 2.5% of one's wealth for the benefit of the poor or needy once a year.
4. Sawm is a ritual fasting which is an obligatory act during the month of Ramadan. Muslims must abstain from food, drink, and sexual intercourse from dawn to dusk during this month, and are to be especially mindful of other sins. It is a sort of self-purification.
5. The Hajj is a pilgrimage that occurs during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah to the holy city of Mecca. Every able-bodied Muslim is obliged to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if he or she can afford it. The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able.
As it is shown above the five pillars of Islam are obligatory on every adult Muslim . Some of these pillars or duties are done daily. or during a whole month. Others are done once a year or once in a lifetime.